Ranked Choice Voting (RCV) is a method of voting that allows voters to rank more than one candidate in order of preference on the ballot (Ist Choice, 2nd Choice, etc.), eliminating the need to conduct separate runoff elections to produce a majority winner.
If a candidate receives more than half of the first choices, that candidate wins just like in any other election.
If there is no majority winner after counting first choices, the race is decided by “instant runoff.” The candidate with the fewest votes is eliminated and voters who picked that losing candidate will have their votes count for their next choice.
The process of eliminating losing candidates continues until two candidates remain, and the majority candidate wins.